Granma , province, Eastern
Capital: Bayamo, city.
This province comprises the northern slopes of the Sierra
Maestra mountains and its western end, ending in Cabo Cruz,
as well as the middle and lower basins of Cauto river. The
southern zone is quite rugged, reching its highest altitudes
in the peaks Bayamesa (1730 m, 5674 ft) and Martí
(1722 m, 5648 ft), third highest in the country.
The rest of the territory is mostly plain. The southern
coast, abrupt due to the closeness of the mountains, is
low and swampy sometimes. The province is named after the
yacht in which Fidel Castro, together with 82 men, arrived
from exile in Mexico on December 2nd,1956 to start the guerrilla
fight in the mountains. The economy is mostly agricultural.
Outstand cattle-raising, rise production by river Cauto,
coffee, tobacco, vegetables, citrics, fruit, and sugarcane.
The woods of Sierra Maestra, fishing, and Manzanillo and
Niquero being the main ports are also important. There is
also marble and manganese ore deposits although industry
is little developed.
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The province of Granma is Located 730 km. (just over 450 miles) from Havana on Cuba's southeast coast and has many natural tourist attractions. Granma has made in Cuba stamped all over it. This is the land where Jose Marti died, Fidel Castro landed with his revolutionaries, and the native Carlos Manuel de Cespedes freed his slaves and formally declared Cuban independence in 1868. And, if history doesn't provide it, you can always ponder over the geographical significance of Cuba's [...]
Granma's capital city, Bayamo, was founded by Diego Velazquez de Cuellar in 1513, making it Cuba's second oldest city after Baracoa. Many of the original colonial buildings were ruined in the Great Fire of 1869, when the city's residents set the city ablaze rather than surrendering it to the invading Spaniards. The restored city center has since been declared a national monument by UNESCO. As with virtually every town in the Granma province, the streets of Bayamo come alive with [...]
About 8 km southwest of Las Coloradas beach you'll find the Archaeological Trail of El Guafe which is about 3 km in length. The Desembarco del Granma National Park's only advertised archaeological site. An underground river here has created 20 large caverns, one of which contains the famous Idolo del agua (water's idol) carved from stalagmites by pre-Colombian Indians. You should allow about two hours for the stroll in order to take in the butterflies, 180 different species of birds [...]
The Granma provinces offers an alluring natural sanctuary that still echoes with the gunshots of Castro's guerrilla campaign of the late 1950s. Situated 49 km South of Yara (small town with a big history located between Bayamo and Manzanillo) up a very steep 24 km concrete road from Bartolome Maso, this precipitous and untamed region contains the country's highest peak, Pico Turquino (just over the border in Santiago de Cuba province) unlimited birdlife and flora, an the rebels' onetime wartime [...]
The Granma province has two expansive national parks, GRAN PARQUE NACIONAL SIERRA MAESTRA (sometimes called the National Park of Turquino) and PARQUE NACIONAL DESEMBARCO DEL GRANMA (National Park Landing of Granma yacht). Celia Sanchez Manduley, called the flower of the Revolution was born in Media Luna, Granma. In La Plata, located in the Turquino National Park, you can see the principal headquarters of Fidel Castro's guerrilla outpost from which he overthrew Batista. In Marea del Portillo, where mountains meet the [...]