Granma , province, Eastern
Capital: Bayamo, city.
This province comprises the northern slopes of the Sierra
Maestra mountains and its western end, ending in Cabo Cruz,
as well as the middle and lower basins of Cauto river. The
southern zone is quite rugged, reching its highest altitudes
in the peaks Bayamesa (1730 m, 5674 ft) and Martí
(1722 m, 5648 ft), third highest in the country.
The rest of the territory is mostly plain. The southern
coast, abrupt due to the closeness of the mountains, is
low and swampy sometimes. The province is named after the
yacht in which Fidel Castro, together with 82 men, arrived
from exile in Mexico on December 2nd,1956 to start the guerrilla
fight in the mountains. The economy is mostly agricultural.
Outstand cattle-raising, rise production by river Cauto,
coffee, tobacco, vegetables, citrics, fruit, and sugarcane.
The woods of Sierra Maestra, fishing, and Manzanillo and
Niquero being the main ports are also important. There is
also marble and manganese ore deposits although industry
is little developed.
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Located on the southernmost point of Cuba, the province of Granma is renowned for its history and awesome natural beauty. It is also home to the stunning stretch of the Sierra Maestra mountains that can be seen from the coastal regions of the province. Granma also holds the accolade of being the home to the country's longest river, the Rio Cauto. Some of the most pristine coastal marine reefs in the Americas are situated along its rugged southern coastline. The [...]
The province of Granma is Located 730 km. (just over 450 miles) from Havana on Cuba's southeast coast and has many natural tourist attractions. Granma has made in Cuba stamped all over it. This is the land where Jose Marti died, Fidel Castro landed with his revolutionaries, and the native Carlos Manuel de Cespedes freed his slaves and formally declared Cuban independence in 1868. And, if history doesn't provide it, you can always ponder over the geographical significance of Cuba's [...]
Granma's capital city, Bayamo, was founded by Diego Velazquez de Cuellar in 1513, making it Cuba's second oldest city after Baracoa. Many of the original colonial buildings were ruined in the Great Fire of 1869, when the city's residents set the city ablaze rather than surrendering it to the invading Spaniards. The restored city center has since been declared a national monument by UNESCO. As with virtually every town in the Granma province, the streets of Bayamo come alive with [...]
About 8 km southwest of Las Coloradas beach you'll find the Archaeological Trail of El Guafe which is about 3 km in length. The Desembarco del Granma National Park's only advertised archaeological site. An underground river here has created 20 large caverns, one of which contains the famous Idolo del agua (water's idol) carved from stalagmites by pre-Colombian Indians. You should allow about two hours for the stroll in order to take in the butterflies, 180 different species of birds [...]
The Granma provinces offers an alluring natural sanctuary that still echoes with the gunshots of Castro's guerrilla campaign of the late 1950s. Situated 49 km South of Yara (small town with a big history located between Bayamo and Manzanillo) up a very steep 24 km concrete road from Bartolome Maso, this precipitous and untamed region contains the country's highest peak, Pico Turquino (just over the border in Santiago de Cuba province) unlimited birdlife and flora, an the rebels' onetime wartime [...]
Granma province manages to†blend unique environmental diversity with important historical significance, this place includes 275 sq km of teeming forests peculiar topography and staggered marine terraces and reefs. It's also [...]