Ads By CiberSpaces


Villa Santo Domingo Hotel
VOTED #1
Villa Santo Domingo Hotel
Sierra Maestra, Granma
See video
Check Rates
from 40.00 €/night
 See other Choice Hotels in this Area

Ads By CiberSpaces


 
 History

Bayamo, the capital of Granma was founded in 1513. It was the second village founded in Cuba an was named San Salvador de Bayamo.
In the years 1538, 1555, and 1579 it was attacked by pirates and privateers.
In the 19th century, the sugar-producing zones of the eastern region of the island occupied vast zones, but its mills yielded little sugar because, unlike those of west, they were technically obsolete. In 1857, there was a capitalist economic crisis and the price of sugar in the international market went down. Some eastern landowners lost their lands, others remained indebted. For them the war for independence was practically a need and to wage it, they were determined to give their own life, if necessary. The city of Bayamo had a key role in the beginning of the Ten-Year War. The Bayamo lawyer Carlos Manuel de Céspedes led the insurrection of the revolutionaries in Manzanillo. He set his own slaves free and proclaimed the declaration of independence of Cuba. Bayamo was declared capital of the Republic in Arms and, before it could fall into the hands of the enemy, its inhabitants set the city in fire on January 12th, 1869 and left only its ashes behind.
It was in Bayamo where the National Hymn was first sung on October 20th,1868.
Many other historical events took place in the region since that. Bayamo had a great participation in the war of 1895-1898. Prestigious revolutionary leaders saw action in the plains of Granma. Among them, Bartolomé Masó stands out.
In the times of the neocolonial republic, the Cauto plains witnessed rebellious actions: the workers riots of 1925, 1935, 1930, and 1932. The struggles for the rights of the countrymen were also frequent. In 1948, the sugar union leader Jesús Menéndez was murdered.
On July 26th,1953, simultaneously with the Moncada Garrison, is attacked the Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Garrison in Bayamo. In this region operated the four guerrilla fronts of the eastern region. To the south of Campechuela and Manzanillo, operated column 1 "José Martí", commanded by Commander in Chief Fidel Castro himself.
Ads By CiberSpaces
 
Ads By CiberSpaces

Available now!
Reside in Havana now!...

Book instantly the car you need
  • History of Granma Cuba
    History of Granma Cuba
    Granma's capital city, Bayamo, was founded by Diego Velazquez de Cuellar in 1513, making it Cuba's second oldest city after Baracoa. Many of the original colonial buildings were ruined in [...]
  • Archaeological Trail El Guafe in Granma
    Archaeological Trail El Guafe in Granma
    About 8 km southwest of Las Coloradas beach you'll find the Archaeological Trail of El Guafe which is about 3 km in length. The Desembarco del Granma National Park's only [...]
  • Granma Casa Particular | Granma Private Home Stay
    Granma Casa Particular | Granma Private Home Stay
    A Casa Particular in Granma or home stay in Granma province or cities like Bayamo will ensure you experience both the wonders of Granma's amazing culture, immersed in one-on-one contact [...]
  • Desembarco del Granma National Park
    Desembarco del Granma National Park
    Granma province manages to blend unique environmental diversity with important historical significance, this place includes 275 sq km of teeming forests peculiar topography and staggered marine terraces and reefs. It's also [...]
  • About the Sierra Maestra National Park
    About the Sierra Maestra National Park
    The Granma provinces offers an alluring natural sanctuary that still echoes with the gunshots of Castro's guerrilla campaign of the late 1950s. Situated 49 km South of Yara (small town [...]
  • Granma Cuba Tourism highlights
    Granma Cuba Tourism highlights
    The Granma province has two expansive national parks, GRAN PARQUE NACIONAL SIERRA MAESTRA (sometimes called the National Park of Turquino) and PARQUE NACIONAL DESEMBARCO DEL GRANMA (National Park Landing of [...]




Copyright © 2002-2017 Digital Panorama S.A. All rights reserved. No part of this website may be copied or reproduced without the written consent of Digital Panorama S.A. or it's subsidiaries.
Need help? Please contact us with questions or comments      

   
 
       800 x 600 dpi.