The Sierra Maestra district occupies the
southeastern end of Granma province and the southwestern end of
the province of Santiago de Cuba, having an extension of more
than 6000 sq km (2317 sq mi) that almost coincides with that of
the Great National Park Sierra Maestra, belonging to the national
system of protected areas owing to its richness and variety as
well as the endemic character of its wildlife.
There is abundance of amphibious and reptiles species. Out of
the eleven amphibious species, three of them occur only near the
Turquino peak: the Eutherodactylus albipes, E. melacara and E.
Turquinensis. Among the ten lizard species, there is one that
is endemic and exclusive of the zone: the Anolis guazuma. Among
mammals two species of hutia, the "conga" (Capromys
pilorides) and the "andaraces" (Capromys melanurus),
Ornithological fauna is represented, among others, by the cartacuba
(Todus multicolor), the tocororo (Priotelus tecnurus), and the
tomeguín (Tiaris canora).
1998, Manuel Rivero Glean made a compilation of some of the endemic
animal species found in the natural regions Montañas de
la Sierra del Turquino and Sierra de la Gran Piedra, both located
in the Sierra Maestra district. Among them are several species
of scorpion, including the A. nanus; several species of butterfly
such as the Papilio pelaus atkinsi and the Greta cubana (curious
transparent-wing species); bird species like the green woodpecker,
the nightingale, the sijú cotunto, the sinsontillo, and
the fly bird; and other species like the almiquí, the jata
bat, the withered leaves lizard (only in the Cabo Cruz region),
and the catey.